Yeshua starts saying - with emphasis - that in addition to faith in God, faith in him is also necessary. There is no reason for his disciples to be alarmed. Apparently, Yeshua had noticed that reaction after he had said that he would go away; that they would seek him, but would not find him.
In verse two Yeshua said in effect: "If you would have had some wrong ideas - that something is true while it is not true - then I would certainly have made you aware of it. You must know that in the House of my Father there are many abodes (or >> dwellings)".
For them that was quite a new truth! In their sacred Scriptures, they had not yet met that idea. However, what did Yeshua mean by that expression: The House of my Father? Where does the Father actually live?
That is, of course, correct in itself, but what are we to understand by that expression, Heaven? Isaiah 66 may help us on our way:
From this Scripture, we may evidently deduce that the entire universe includes God's dwelling place. And in that endless space - Yeshua assures us - many abodes are available. The Greek monè, plural monai, simply means a place to stay. In the NT that word appears only here and also in verse 23, where we read: Yeshua answered him: If someone loves me, he will keep my word and my Father will love him and we will come to him and make an abode with him.
From Is 66:1, however, we still can conclude something else. When God connects heaven and earth as being respectively his throne and footstool, he is referring to a House or
And that conclusion helps us considerably to discern what Yeshua meant by the House of my Father. It refers to a spiritual House consisting of believers in Mashiach Yeshua who - functioning from the Temple City New Jerusalem - will become a blessing for the Gentile peoples; entirely according to God's promise to Abraham in Genesis: In your seed all the Goyim of the earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice (Gen 22:18).
And that is precisely the meaning of John 14:2, however, than in antitype >> In the House of my Father - the Temple City New Jerusalem - there are many abodes.
At Yeshua’s baptism, that antitypical temple arrangement already began to take shape. Through his immersion in the
In ancient times the copper altar stood in the middle of the Courtyard in front of the holy Tent of meeting. And in accordance with that type the antitypical, spiritual altar came to existence, pointing to a state in which someone is finding himself on earth. Yeshua who had been anointed as High Priest, ‘walked around’ in that antitypical Courtyard because he was in a state of human perfection, completely righteous, integer and upright. Just as we read in Heb 7:26-27 >>
Of course, his Father Elohim, the Supreme, always had his residence in heaven. However, when He "stored up" the true Tent, he could fit up that this exclusive dwelling took on a different aspect, or new characteristics. The holiness of his heavenly home was increased, in sharp opposition to the extraordinary sinfulness of humankind. His personal home now became the holy place where a righteous, but also merciful God was willing to accept an appropriate, perfect sacrifice for the benefit of unholy humankind.
Of course, the value of such a holy and perfect sacrifice had likewise to be presented by a sinless, holy High Priest who had personal access to God. In that way, Elohim's heavenly throne became a throne of reconciliation. His heavenly dwelling took on the characteristics of an antitypical Most Holy.
As we already ascertained, from the time of his baptism Yeshua fulfilled his earthly ministry in the antitypical Courtyard as a perfectly righteous man, overseeing the dedication of his own soul as a perfectly sin-sacrifice. He was in the midst of his own (Jewish) people that he tried to serve and by whom he could of course be seen, just as was the case with the Courtyard of the Tabernacle. Although the members of the 12 non-priestly tribes did not have access to that Courtyard, they could observe everything that was going on there.
When Yeshua was anointed at the time of his baptism, he was also begotten by God as his spiritual Son who, from that moment on, was on his way back to heaven. In that capacity he abided in the antitypical Holy; concerning his relationship to God shielded. His Jewish fellow countrymen could not perceive that spiritual condition with their literal eyesight.
And to the first of those "living stones," on the eve of his death, Yeshua said: In the house of my Father there are many abodes ... I am going to prepare a place for you. Compare also Ephesians 2:20-22.
(2) So, when Yeshua poured out holy spirit upon his waiting disciples on the Day of Pentecost of 33 AD, it provided proof that he had entered the antitypical Most Holy and to his Father had presented the value of his blood, thereby having gained an eternal redemption.
By that way, he had prepared a place for his disciples in the larger and more perfect Tent. Consequently, on the day of Pentecost, he could transfer them to that antitypical Tent. Justified by faith in his ransom sacrifice they resided from then on in the situation of the antitypical earthly Courtyard. And moreover, begotten as Elohim's spiritual sons, they found themselves too in the situation of the antitypical Holy. In a sense, Yeshua had received them to himself, to reside with him in the House of his Father. Everything, of course, in a kind of provisional sense. In the meantime they are eagerly looking forward to other types becoming reality:
For that reason, the Scripture 1 Thess 4:15-17 does not present any problem.
15 For this is what we say to you in a word from the Lord, that we, the living, who remain alive until the presence of the Lord, will in no case precede those who have fallen asleep;
In the verses 16 and 17, the apostle describes the change to heavenly life of all members of Yeshua’s Congregational Body, all Christians who were included - by rebirth - in the Body of Messiah from Pentecost till that time (1Cor 12:12-13). Other persons - also the other believers - such as Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and all other pre-christian faithful will not share in the experience (event) that Paul describes here, in 1 Thess 4, and which he, later and more detailed, would elaborate in 1Cor 15: 51-52.
So, instead of going to heaven, YHWH Elohim will direct his attention on our globe the earth. Why? Because all the people outside Yeshua’sCongregational Body will in the future reside on earth. That Abraham was thinking exclusively of future earthly life, is also evident from the fact that he was willing to sacrifice his son Isaac. When he tried to bring that sacrifice, he did so in the belief that God could raise his only son if necessary. In heaven? Absolutely not! Abraham was expecting his son back in an earthly resurrection; for only then could the promise In Isaac your seed will be mentioned have progress!
And that is quite understandable. After all, their existence will be on the same level as that of the Mashiach, that is on a spiritual level. Having gone through the barrier of their flesh, just like Yeshua himself, they pass the curtain (or: veil) and are granted access to the holy place, the heavenly throne room of the Father.
Compare Hebrews 10:19-20.
When the heavenly Congregation of the New Jerusalem descends from God in heaven, all her attention will then be focused on the situation that will then exist on earth among men.
And those people will indeed experience that attention. They start noticing that completely new conditions are emerging among them. Nothing remains in the same, old conditions. As scripture is telling us: All things are being made new!
The apostle Paul expressed that 'return' - together with all the attention for the new earthly situation – in these terms:
When the Mashiach, your life, is made manifest, you will also be made manifest in glory together with him (Col 3:4).
The One who alone possesses immortality, inhabiting an inaccessible light; whom no man has seen nor can see. To him be honour and eternal power! Amen.
For our citizenship exists in the heavens, from which we also eagerly await a Saviour, Lord Yeshua Mashiach, who will refashion the body of our lowliness to be conformed to the body of his glory.
Paul himself could not imagine anything greater than to take up residence with the Lord, as he had earlier formulated in the Second Corinthian letter: We know that when our earthly tent dwelling is dissolved, we will have a building from God, a non-handmade, eternal dwelling in the heavens.
For him, Paul, the resurrection body is like a building, an eternal house in the heavens.
And now, you glorify me, Father, beside yourself with the glory which I had beside you before the world was ... Father, what you have given me - I want where I am, they too be with me, that they may behold my glory which you gave me, for you loved me before the founding of the world.
See: That wonderful structure - the Church - John 17: 1-26
From Pentecost 33 AD, with the foundation of Yeshua’s Body of believers, completely new perspectives were created for Jews and Gentiles alike who were called by God in connection with his purpose in Mashiach Yeshua (Rom 8:28-30).
A new aeon (age, world period) then had its start within Elohim's purpose, by creating the heavenly part of the seed of Abraham. That part of the Seed has come to be known as the Bride, the Lamb's Wife, who, as the heavenly part of the New Jerusalem, will eventually descend from heaven to become a blessing to the Gentile nations living in the Millennium on Earth.
This implies that all others who will be favoured with (eternal) life by YHWH Elohim, will have their destiny on earth. Among them are the believing Jews (and their forefathers) from before and after the aeon in which the Body of Christians is called.
That in the Millennium alone that part of the seed will be on earth – of course together with the Gentile people - is clear from what is going to happen at the end of the 1000 years, when Satan will be released from his Millennium prison:
And as soon as the thousand years have come to an end, Satan will be released from his dungeon, and he will go out to deceive the Gentile peoples that are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog , to gather them to war. Their number as the sand of the sea. And they [a considerable portion of the Gentiles that went through the judgment of the Millennium] advanced over the breadth of the earth and encircled the camp of the saints and the beloved City. However, fire came down from heaven and devoured them (Rev 20:7-9).
At whom will those rebellious nations aim in that for them decisive phase?
Answer: At the camp of the saints and the beloved City.
Here it becomes clear that the beloved City, the New Jerusalem, was represented on earth by the saints for 1000 years. No, not the saints of the Christian Congregation, but the saints or elect of the Jewish Congregation.
So, the new society on earth, from its beginning, therefore includes - in addition to the Jewish saints - especially the nations, the Gentiles [Goyim]. And that, of course, does not surprise us at all! Because, from Mt 25:37, 46 we already knew in advance that it will be the 'sheep' - the righteous among the Goyim - who will be the first to make the crossing from the old aeon to the new aeon, the Millennium. However, for sure in the company of the Jewish saints!
They [the ‘sheep’] will grasp the slip of a man who is a Jew, saying to them: We want to go with you, for we have heard that God is with you.