Veni Domine Iesu

Veni Domine Iesu
De Tent van God bij de mensen en Hij zal bij hen verblijven

woensdag 13 juni 2018

The Rich man and the poor Lazarus

A certain man now was rich and he used clothing himself in purple and fine linen, from day to day enjoying a wonderful life. A certain poor man named Lazarus, who was covered with sores, was usually laid down at his gate, and desired to be satisfied with the things that fell from the rich man's table; but also the dogs came and licked his ulcers regularly ( Luke 16:19-21).

In these terms the parable starts to be known as the Rich man and the poor Lazarus. The immediate cause for Mashiach Yeshua to pronounce that parable was the haughty attitude of the majority of the Pharisees. Directly before Yeshua had let them know that they could not serve YHWH Elohim and at the same time the Mammon. To those Pharisees that was a ridiculous idea. Rather, they saw wealth as a blessing from heaven, a reward for a virtuous life. Could it not be read in the Torah that YHWH Elohim favours people like them, especially in the portion Dt 28:1-12?

And did not people just look at them with respect, because they excelled in the strict observance of the Law?
But Yeshua knew better; they might then declare themselves righteous, God knew their innermost; their religious pride and hypocrisy was an abomination to him. However, Yeshua, all the things that were just previously discussed by him, he now illustrates in the parable and therefore not too difficult to interpret: The Rich man clearly represents the religious Jewish upper class. Lazarus, that poor wretch, the common people.

In their (supposed) privileged position with God, the Rich man did not at all hesitate to go richly dressed, in royal style [purple], convinced of their own justice [fine linen], living in abundance, yes, for themselves and their friends even wasteful.
Everything that the Rich possesses, he uses for selfish and present pleasure, a hedonist therefore in heart and soul. The essence of God's kingdom - in which he naturally assigns himself a place - in reality, means nothing to him.

The Lazarus' people, on the other hand, are dying of hunger - literally, but above all, spiritually. They think that their spiritual need can only be satisfied in the presence of their priests, Levites and lawyers. But nothing is less true. As the am ha-arets, the common people - literally the people of the land - they are treated with contempt by those religious leaders ( Lev 20: 2 ; Jn 7:49 ).
They see them as God-tormented, spiritually beaten people [covered with sores]. Compare Dt 28 : 35 .
The dogs [Gentiles], who, while competing with Lazarus in getting hold of some leftover food, are still favorable to them. They at least still lick theirulcers.

It is striking that only the poor is mentioned by his name: Lazarus, the Greek form of the Hebrew Eleazar. The first Eleazar mentioned in the Bible [God helps] was one of the four sons of Aaron. He and his brothers were installed in the priesthood shortly after the establishment of the Tabernacle. He and Ithamar continued to exercise that office even after YHWH Elohim killed their brothers Nadab and AbihuWhen Aaron died by the end of the Exodus, Eleazar succeeded him as High Priest. He was therefore the first on duty High Priest in the Promised Land.

The numerical value of Eleazar is 308. The same value also has the Hebrew verb to repent or repent ( שוב ). In the parable, therefore, Lazarus can very well represent that part of Israel that responds to the call: Repent because the kingdom of heaven is at hand  (Mt 4:17, Lk 3:3).

The fact that the name of the Rich is not mentioned at all clearly indicates that he is not worthy to be kept in God's memory and must therefore be given up to oblivion. Compare Ex 32 : 33 .

It happened now that the Beggar died and that he was carried away by the angels to the bosom of Abraham. De Rich man died as well and he was buried (verse 22).

Jesus continues the parable now entirely in accordance with the way the Pharisees thought about death at that time. Thus they held the view that the spirit of a righteous one was transferred to heaven by angels at his death. Here Jesus says that Lazarus was carried away to the bosom of Abraham .This is reminiscent of the practice of sitting at meals, where a person's head, when he leaned backwards, came to rest almost on the bosom of the person next to him, something that indicated an intimate bond of friendship. Compare Jn 13: 23-25.

Also of the Logos is said to be in the bosom of the Father ( Jn 1:18 ).
The Jews did not doubt that Abraham was in paradise. To say that Lazarus was transferred to Abraham's bosom, therefore, for Jewish listeners meant that he had been led into heaven by the angels.

But that's how it goes in the parable. In such narrations, the facts are sometimes presented in a completely fictitious way. Reality is obviously completely different, as Solomon expressed in Pr 9: 5, 10:

Those who are still alive, at least know that they must die, but the dead know nothing ... Do what your hand finds to do. Do it with full dedication, for there are no actions and thoughts, no knowledge and no wisdom in the realm of the dead [Sheol (Heb); Hades (Gr)].

Of course, Yeshua himself knew with certainty that this is the exact situation in which every person ends up at his death. Abraham, too, was still dead at the time he spoke this parable, waiting for the resurrection:

But that the dead are raised up, Moses also disclosed at the thornbush when he called [the] Lord the God of Abraham and God of Isaac and God of Jacob. He is not a God of the dead, but of the living; for they are all living to him (Lk 20:37-38)

While those patriarchs are still dead in their grave [Sheol / Hades], God sees them, looking to the future, already as living. See also the commentary at Lk 13:28-30.

And having lifted up his eyes in the Hades, while being in torments, he saw Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom (verse 23).

Here too Jesus speaks entirely according to the Pharisees' thinking. From the commentary on the previous verse it may be clear to everyone that Hades, the Greek equivalent for the Hebrew Sheol, is a place of death: The grave, where the deceased  - whom God keeps in his memory - are waiting for a resurrection; the place where Job wanted to be kept hidden until that time ( Job 14:13 ).

Compare Ps 16:10 with Hn 2 : 27, and see Nm 16:33; Ps 6: 6 ; Is 38:18 .

Especially Psalm 6: 6 is revealing: For in death there is no remembrance of you; who would praise you in the realm of the dead [sjeool]?  

Hezekiah is also clear (in Isa 38:18) about the condition of the dead. In Sheol (Hades) the deceased is in an absolutely dead situation. He does not lead a conscious existence somewhere else:

Because the realm of the dead [Sheolwill not praise you, death does not praise you; those who descend in the pit will not hope for your truth.

But the Jewish, religious elite who had been able to know these truths very well, held a different, non-Scriptural view.
Josephus wrote in his Jewish Antiquities, Book XVIII , chapter 1, §3, the following:

Now, as far as the Pharisees are concerned ... They also believe that souls have an immortal power in them and that there will be punishments or rewards under the earth, according to whether they have lived virtuously or maliciously in this life; and the latter are locked up in prison forever, but that the former will have the power to revive and live again.

Another absurdity: When the Rich man in the grave, under the ground, lifts up his eyes, he can see - albeit from afar - Abraham, who is in heaven, and Lazarus in close relationship with him, as it were resting on his bosom [or: breasts, because κολπος is in the plural].
However, also that image Yeshua borrowed from the views of his contemporaries, infected as they were by Babylonian ideas: Those who were in paradise could see those who stayed in the Gehenna.

The question remains, therefore, which truths Jesus really wanted to convey to his audience with these images. Well, when someone dies, that represents the greatest possible change in his life. So when both Lazarus and the Rich man died, a completely new situation started for both, especially in a religious sense.

Those of the common people who acknowledged Yeshua in faith as their Messiah, responding to his call to repentance, therefore showed that they had the same faith as that of Abraham. Consequently, they were henceforth considered by God to be Abraham's true children, his seed, and therefore heirs of the promise contained in God's covenant with that patriarch: In your seed all Gentiles will be blessed.

The fact that they are transferred to Abraham's bosom by the angels, apparently symbolically indicates that the angels also play an important role in drawing people to Yeshua through the gospel proclamation.

The situation of the Rich man is also becoming radically different. The Pharisees who always took it for granted that they, the hasidim [pious], were Abraham's real children, discover - at the latest in the 70th Year Week for Israel - that they are ultimately excluded from that privilege. And that is obviously a very painful experience for them. In the period that started with the outpouring of the holy spirit on the Lazarus' people, they experienced that exclusion with gnashing teeth ( Lk 13: 25-28 Acts 4: 1-27: 51-54 ).

Thus, while the "Lazarus" members of the Israel of God are "dying" with regard to their previously mentally inferior condition and being transferred into a situation of extraordinary favour - where they are openly recognized by God as the true relatives of Abraham with all the promises associated with them - the Rich man class, on the other hand, ‘dies’ precisely with regard to his former privileged position when attributing primarily that divine favour to himself ( Mt 3: 7-10 ; Jh 8: 33-40 ).

Instead, he finds himself in a situation of divine rejection. Because of their stubborn disbelief and enmity towards the Messiah, those prominent religious leaders deny that they are Abraham's true children. Not Abraham is their father but the Devil ( Jn 8: 40-44Mt 23: 29-33 ).

And he, raising up the voice, said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he might dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue, for I suffer pain in this flame (verse 24).

It is striking that YHWH Elohim, Israel's Holy One, remains in the background in the scene of the parable. It turns out in particular that the person of 'Abraham' highlights the issues related to the ‘case’ of the true Israel and the identity of her members. And not incomprehensible, since God has fully connected his purpose - to bless mankind through the kingdom of his Son, the Messiah - with that man of faith and with his "seed," of whom Yeshua is the most important (Gal 3:7- 914-1626-29).

However, in the conversation that now arises between the Rich man and 'Abraham', we hear YHWH speaking, of course through the latter. And 'Abraham' judges severely about the Rich man. Why?
In the introduction to this parable, Yeshua told the Pharisees that it is not possible to serve two Lords at the same time: God and the Mammon. And also that only fornication is a valid reason to dissolve a marriage and remarry (Lk 16:13, 18).
Having made the Mammon their god, they commit spiritual adultery to their God YHWH, with whom Israel entered into a marriage covenant at Sinai( Eze 16: 8-14Hs 1: 2).

On the basis of spiritual fornication he is therefore entitled to divorce her and to break his covenant with his wife's nation. After all, She was the first to violate the marriage covenant (Jr 31: 31-32Ez 16:59).
Not just because YHWH sees something unpalatable with them [Dt 24: 1], but on the basis of committed sexual fornication.

Unfairly, then, the Rich man addresses Abraham confidently as Father, as if the relationship is still good and rights can be derived from it; as if he still represents the true Israel. He asks for compassion for his painful situation: If 'Lazarus' could be sent with a drop of water on the tip of his finger to cool his tongue.

Incidentally, the Rich man still sees Lazarus as a subordinate, a servant who must help him; not as an equal. And further: whether a drop of water on his fingertip can also offer some relief for the pains of the Rich man! But this is also parable language.

Without imagery: The Pharisees wish that they themselves be spared! They like to see the divine message - in which they are denounced - is being watered down. How does 'Abraham' think about that issue?

But Abraham said, Child, remember that you have received in full your good things in your lifetime, and Lazarus likewise the bad ones. Now, however, he is being comforted here, but you are being pained. And besides all these things, there is a great chasm between us and you people, so that those who want to move from here to you cannot. Neither can they cross over from there to us (vv 25-26).

It is clear that 'Abraham' does not want to respond to the pleading of the Rich man, since
a. It is not spiritually safe for 'Lazarus' outside of Abraham's bosom.
b. The decision that God has taken with regard to both is entirely justified.
c. The gap between the two is unbridgeable.

By addressing him with child, "Abraham" recognizes that the Rich man is a natural descendant of him. From that point of view he would naturally be willing to offer help, but he can not change God's righteous counsel, namely that not all who belong to Israel are also true Israel
Nor are they automatically Abraham's true children, merely because they are his natural seed, offspring according to the flesh. Not the children according to the flesh are counted as God's children, but those who are counted as belonging to the promise; those who, on the basis of his merciful election, are counted as Abraham's seed (Rom 9:6-12).

The Rich man has been given sufficient opportunity by God to lead his own 'happy' life. He can only blame himself that his interest only went to the pleasures the Mammon offered him. Thus he made himself unfit for the exercise of any divine task during the Messianic age. His management of the unjust Mammon was exclusively hedonistic; for the poor spiritual situation of 'Lazarus' he had no eye at all. Consequently, he also did not make friends in the heavenly spheres.

When the spirit was poured out on the humble Lazarus class at Pentecost, he, the Rich man, stood gnashing at the sidelines. The spiritual gap between the two is immense. Fundamentalism, legalism, sectarianism on the one hand and the Israel of God on the other hand are irreconcilably far apart.

But he said: In that event I ask you, Father, that you send him to my father's house, for I have five brothers, in order that he may give them a thorough testimony, that they too may not come into this place of torment (v. 27-28).

The Rich man makes another attempt to remove 'Lazarus' from Abraham’s bossom. He has so-called compassion for his fellow believers, his five brothers in his father's sectarian house.
The number five here refers to a part of Israel to the flesh, as is the case with the five foolish virgins. There is a lot of agreement between them and the Rich Man: Because of unbelief, their Messianic expectations are wrongly directed. At the decisive moment they experience rejection and exclusion.

Incidentally, from the book of Acts we learn that, from Pentecost, the thoroughly given testimony by Yeshua's disciples did not change the mood of the religious elite. On the contrary, they kept showing themselves as opponents of the Messiah and as the most hostile persecutors of his disciples (Acts 5:17-331Thess 2:14-16).

However, Abraham said: They have Moses and the Prophets; let them listen to them. But he said: No, father Abraham, but if someone from the dead would go to them, they will come to repentance. However, he said to him: If they do not listen to Moses and the Prophets, neither they will let themselves be persuaded if someone rises from the dead (vv 29-31).

After his resurrection, Yeshua would declare to the two disciples at Emmaus that in the Scriptures of Moses and all the Prophets so many things had been written down beforehand about him, the Messiah, that there were plenty of reasons for the Jewish readers to believe in him if they were only willing to open their hearts to it (Lk 24:25-26). And that is also exactly what the Rich man gets to hear from 'Abraham'.

This means that the stubborn disbelief of the Jews over the centuries in relation to YeshuaIsrael's true Messiah, is culpable. And that all the more because since then the Gospels and the Jewish-Christian books of Hebrews up to and including the Revelation,  have been added to the canon of the Bible.

Because of their hardening, YHWH Elohim has rightly locked them up in disobedience. As is the case with the older son in the parable of The Prodigal Son, the Rich man with his five brothers stands outside the door of the fatherly house.
Compare Luke 15:28-32 and Rom 11:31-32.

No, Father Abraham ...
In his excluded situation, the Rich man even dares to contradict! Incredible Jewish hubris at the top! 
He realizes then too well that his five brothers are of the same kind as he is, not willing to see Yeshua in the light of their holy Scriptures. Moreover, they have increasingly taken away the divine power from those inspired writings. Not only by adding their own fantastic inventions, but also by showing more trust in their own human traditions than in the inspired Word of God.
In the rabbinic schools, the Yeshivas, the study of Scripture has more or less been replaced by Talmud study.

According to the Rich man, something big is needed, a miracle; someone who has risen from the dead must go to them.
However, with his foresight, 'Abraham' knows that that will not work either. And history has put him in the right: When Yeshua rose from the dead on the third day, that great event did not change their unbelief. In their deep hatred they even made attempts to erase the evidence of his resurrection (Mt 28:11-15).

Something similar happened before when a man with the same name, Lazarus, the brother of Martha and Mary, was raised. Some Jews who witnessed that scene then went to the Pharisees to inform them of the miracle. Their reaction? The chief priests and Pharisees were deliberating not only to kill Yeshua, but also Lazarus, because many Jews believed in Yeshua because of him (John 11:45-5312:9-11).

And also at the beginning of Yeshua's presence, when his own congregation, his Congregational Body, is raptured from the earthly stage, largely by resurrection, but partly also by the change of the remaining members to the spiritual nature, this will not affect the majority of the Jews. They will identify themselves with the false Messiah, the Antichrist, and hail him as their long-expected 'Messiah'.
Only a Remnant will "return” (Isaiah 10:20-22).

These verses also draw our attention to the fact that it is unrealistic to think that signs and wonders will in themselves incite people to believe in the Messiah. The Scriptures themselves indicate that hardened hearts will not respond to him. In that sense, the Word of God as witness has much more persuasion than any wondrous incident. That is why Scripture has been the main instrument of the spirit throughout the entire Age of the Church to bring people to repentance. Compare John 16:7-15.


donderdag 15 februari 2018

There are many abodes in the House of my Father

Meeting in the air [eis apantèsin ]

John 14:1-3

According to John 14:1-3 Yeshua, on the eve of his death, said the following to his disciples with whom he was gathered in the upper room:
Do not let your heart be troubled. Believe in Godbelieve in me too. In the House of my Father there are many abodesIf not, I would have told you, for I am going to prepare a place for you. And when I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will receive you to myself, so that wherever I am you may be also. 

Yeshua starts saying - with emphasis - that in addition to faith in God, faith in him is also necessary. There is no reason for his disciples to be alarmed. Apparently, Yeshua had noticed that reaction after he had said that he would go away; that they would seek him, but would not find him.
Why would they not be able to find him? Because he went to a place where - for the time being - they could not follow him (John 13:33-37). Why not?  
He had to go first to prepare a place for his followers in the House of his Father, so that - on his return - they could take up residence there. This was therefore no cause for concern for them. On the contrary. Just as they had relied on God and on his Word in the past and had found consolation therein, they were now also to rely on the words of truth of their Mashiach and find enlightenment.

In verse two Yeshua said in effect: "If you would have had some wrong ideas - that something is true while it is not true - then I would certainly have made you aware of it. You must know that in the House of my Father there are many abodes (or >> dwellings)".
For them that was quite a new truth! In their sacred Scriptures, they had not yet met that idea. However, what did Yeshua mean by that expression: The House of my Father? Where does the Father actually live?
Many will answer immediately: God lives in Heaven anyway!
That is, of course, correct in itself, but what are we to understand by that expression, Heaven? Isaiah 66 may help us on our way:
Thus speaks YHWH: The heavens are my throne and the earth is my footstool; what kind of House would you want to build for me, and which Sanctuary would be my resting place?

From this Scripture, we may evidently deduce that the entire universe includes God's dwelling place. And in that endless space - Yeshua assures us - many abodes are available. The Greek monè, plural monai, simply means a place to stay. In the NT that word appears only here and also in verse 23, where we read: Yeshua answered him: If someone loves me, he will keep my word and my Father will love him and we will come to him and make an abode with him.
From Is 66:1, however, we still can conclude something else. When God connects heaven and earth as being respectively his throne and footstool, he is referring to a House or TempleHeaven is my throne and the earth is my footstool; what kind of House would you want to build for meand which Sanctuary would be my resting place?
In that Scripture YHWH Elohim, through his prophet, is speaking to the Jewish people of the End times. Those of them who then still reject Yeshua as their Mashiach, obviously will - with the support of their own chosen Mashiach, in reality the Antichrist - erect the Third Temple. Their deepest desire is namely to revive the old sacrificial cult, fully in accordance with the old Mosaic Law. However, YHWH Elohim does not need a physical temple building from those rebellious ones among his people!
Compare: Da 9:27Is 66:1-6 and Thess 2:4.

Current situation on the Temple Mount where the Jews want to rise the Third Temple.

Moreover, we are reminded of the scene that Jacob witnessed in Bethel [House of God] in a dream: A ladder that stretched from the earth to the heavens through which angels descended and ascended, at the top of which YHWH Elohim himself was. In that setting YHWH, who stood at the top, had said to Jacob:

I am YHWH, the Elohim of your father Abraham and the Elohim of Isaac. The land on which you are lying will be given to you and to your seed.Your seed will be like the dust of the earth; you will expand to the west and the east, to the north and the south. And in you and in your seed [Israel to the flesh] all families of the earth will be blessed (Gen 28:13-14).

Also in that scene, heaven and earth were connected, undoubtedly prophetic in advance of the visionary images that John would later receive about the Temple City New Jerusalem, which descends from Elohim out of the heavens to earth:  
And I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and the sea is no more. And the holy City, New Jerusalem, I saw coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, "Look! The Tent of God with men, and he will store his tent with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them.And he will wipe out every tear from their eyes, and Death will be no more, neither will mourning nor cry nor pain be anymore; the first things went away” ... And I did not see a temple sanctuary in her, for the Lord God Almighty is her temple sanctuary, and the Lamb (Rev 21:1-4, 22).
With John we here see in visions the events that will mark the beginning of the Millennium. The old arrangement, whereby the demons behind the scenes of invisibility ruled over the corrupt society on earth, is out of sight. Completely disappeared. The Messianic kingdom is still the only power, visibly represented on earth by the people of the saints of the Supreme Being (Da 2:44-457:14, 27).
The visionary image corresponds to the former situation, as it existed in Israel: The one city of Jerusalem, or the one Zion, that formed the centre of the nation. There, since king David, was the seat of the (typological) Mashiach Empire, and there too the central place of worship was established: The (also typological) glorious temple, built by David's son Solomon. In Revelation, we see all that in antitype: The one Temple City of New Jerusalem, the seat of the Millennium Empire of the Mashiach.
See: New Jerusalem - The Holy City 

And that conclusion helps us considerably to discern what Yeshua meant by the House of my Father.
 It refers to a spiritual House consisting of believers in Mashiach Yeshua who - functioning from the Temple City New Jerusalem - will become a blessing for the Gentile peoples; entirely according to God's promise to Abraham in Genesis: In your seed all the Goyim of the earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice (Gen 22:18).  
That conclusion is also consistent with Yeshua's own statement in John 2. When he cleansed the temple of unholy commerce, he said to the merchants: Do no longer make the House of my Father to a house of merchandise.
And that is precisely the meaning of John 14:2, however, than in antitype >> In the House of my Father - the Temple City New Jerusalem - there are many abodes.
In that text, Yeshua spoke in a form of the Greek verb eisin in the present tense. Even then, Yeshua could speak that way: With his coming and acting on earth, the new antitypical temple arrangement already had begun to take shape, although the Christian Church, his Congregational Body, would only come to existence on the day of Pentecost in 33 AD.
That fact is evident from what he said to the Jews who called him to account for the cleansing of the temple: Break down this temple and in three days I will raise it up ... But he spoke about the temple of his body (John 2:18-22).

At Yeshua’s baptism, that antitypical temple arrangement already began to take shape. 
Through his immersion in the Jordan, he indicated that he identified himself with sinful humanity and that he was willing to die vicariously for her by sacrificing his life on the altar of God's will.
Compare for this biblical principle: Heb 10:5-9Matt 3:13-17 and Luke 3:21-23).
In that way the antitypical 'altar' of God's will came into existence (Heb 13:10).

In ancient times the copper altar stood in the middle of the Courtyard in front of the holy Tent of meeting. And in accordance with that type the antitypical, spiritual altar came to existence, pointing to
 a state in which someone is finding himself on earth. Yeshua who had been anointed as High Priest, ‘walked around’ in that antitypical Courtyard because he was in a state of human perfection, completely righteous, integer and upright. Just as we read in Heb 7:26-27 >>
For such a high priest indeed was befitting us, loyal, guileless, undefiled, separated from the sinners, and having become higher than the heavens, who has no need daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for the own sins, then for those of the people. For this he did once for all, having offered up himself. 

With the antitypical altar and the antitypical Courtyard, the antitypical Tent itself came into existence, in which the new High priest could perform his public service.
Of course, his Father Elohim, the Supreme, always had his residence in heaven. However, when He "stored up" the true Tent, he could fit up that this exclusive dwelling took on a different aspect, or new characteristics. The holiness of his heavenly home was increased, in sharp opposition to the extraordinary sinfulness of humankind. His personal home now became the holy place where a righteous, but also merciful God was willing to accept an appropriate, perfect sacrifice for the benefit of unholy humankind.
Of course, the value of such a holy and perfect sacrifice had likewise to be presented by a sinless, holy High Priest who had personal access to God. In that way, Elohim's heavenly throne became a throne of reconciliation. H
is heavenly dwelling took on the characteristics of an antitypical Most Holy.
And also Hebrews 9:11-12, 24-26.

But what can be said about the Holy? That first, front section also has antitypical significance, again in the sense of a situation.
As we already ascertained, from the time of his baptism Yeshua fulfilled his earthly ministry in the antitypical Courtyard as a perfectly righteous man, overseeing the dedication of his own soul as a perfectly sin-sacrifice. He was in the midst of his own (Jewish) people that he tried to serve and by whom he could of course be seen, just as was the case with the Courtyard of the Tabernacle. Although the members of the 12 non-priestly tribes did not have access to that Courtyard, they could observe everything that was going on there.

With the Holy, however, it was different. That first section of the actual Tent had a shielding, a curtain, which hid from the eye everything that took place within it. Only Aaron and his priestly sons were allowed to enter into it for the daily and weekly cultic activities.
When Yeshua was anointed at the time of his baptism, he was also begotten by God as his spiritual Son who, from that moment on, was on his way back to heaven. In that capacity he abided in the antitypical Holy; concerning his relationship to God shielded. His Jewish fellow countrymen could not perceive that spiritual condition with their literal eyesight.  
From the above we can now draw a number of conclusions:
(1) The larger and more perfect Tent, not made with hands, therefore has nothing to do with a physical building (Heb 9:11-12). It is a spiritual 'building' that is built up with 'living stones', namely living persons, either in the possession of a spiritual nature (the heavenly Congregation) or of a human nature (the earthly Congregation). Compare One Peter 2:4-5.
And to the first of those "living stones," on the eve of his death, Yeshua said: In the house of my Father there are many abodes ... I am going to prepare a place for you. Compare also Ephesians 2:20-22.

(2) So, when Yeshua poured out holy spirit upon his waiting disciples on the Day of Pentecost of 33 AD, it provided proof that he had entered the antitypical Most Holy and to his Father had presented the value of his blood, thereby having gained an eternal redemption.
By that way, he had prepared a place for his disciples in the larger and more perfect Tent. Consequently, on the day of Pentecost, he could transfer them to that antitypical Tent. Justified by faith in his ransom sacrifice they resided from then on in the situation of the antitypical earthly Courtyard. And moreover, begotten as Elohim's spiritual sons, they found themselves too in the situation of the antitypical Holy. In a sense, Yeshua had received them to himself, to reside with him in the House of his Father. Everything, of course, in a kind of provisional sense. In the meantime they are eagerly looking forward to other types becoming reality:
For we know that when our earthly tent dwelling is dissolved, we will have a building from God, a non-handmade, eternal dwelling in the heavens (2Cor 5:1). In other words: As begotten sons they eagerly await Yeshua’s coming again; the fulfilment of his own assured promise: And I will receive you to myself, so that wherever I am you may be also.  That is, of course, the experience of the rapture.
(Note: Revelation 11 discloses that after that event the heavenly part of the naos can be measured).

After this excursion we return to John 14:2. Based on Isaiah 66:1 we concluded that apparently the entire universe can be considered as the House of my Father. The heaven, God's residence, has no spatial limitations. With the use of that expression, the Bible simply indicates that it is a dwelling place on a spiritual level. A very different level of life, therefore, than we humans experience here on earth.
For that reason, the Scripture 1 Thess 4:15-17 does not present any problem.

15 For this is what we say to you in a word from the Lordthat we, the living, who remain alive until the presence of the Lord, will in no case precede those who have fallen asleep;
16 for the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a commanding call, with the voice of archangel and with God's trumpet, and those who are dead in Mashiach will rise first.
17 After that we, the living, who survive, will together with them be snatched away in clouds, to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we will always be with the Lord. 

In the verses 16 and 17, the apostle describes the change to heavenly life of all members of Yeshua’s Congregational Body, all Christians who were included - by rebirth - in the Body of Messiah from Pentecost till that time (1Cor 12:12-13). Other persons - also the other believers - such as Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and all other pre-christian faithful will not share in the experience (event) that Paul describes here, in 1 Thess 4, and which he, later and more detailed, would elaborate in 1Cor 15: 51-52.   
See also: The Last Trumpet.
Therefore, it is simply not true that all believers of all times will attain heavenly, immortal life. For example, it is easily demonstrable that Abraham did not expect life in heaven. He indeed expected a better patris, which belonged to heaven. Because he looked forward at the City that has [true] foundations, of which City we now know that it will be New Jerusalem that will descend from heaven, towards earth. In fact, an arrangement by which Elohim will then reside with all the people on earth. Because of that progress in God's purpose, it is said of those people then on earth: And death will be no more. For them, permanent life on earth is therefore possible from that time on.
Compare Hebrews 11:16 >> Abraham longed for a homeland that belongs to heaven.
And also Revelation 21:2-5 >>
And the holy City, New Jerusalem, I saw coming down from heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, Behold! The Tent of God with men, and he will store his tent with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them. And he will wipe out every tear from their eyes, and Death will be no more, neither will mourning nor outcry nor pain be anymore; the first things went off. And He ho is sitting on the throne said, Behold! I make all things new. 

So, instead of going to heaven, YHWH Elohim will direct his attention on our globe the earth. Why? Because all the people outside Yeshua’sCongregational Body will in the future reside on earth. That Abraham was thinking exclusively of future earthly life, is also evident from the fact that he was willing to sacrifice his son Isaac. When he tried to bring that sacrifice, he did so in the belief that God could raise his only son if necessary. In heaven? Absolutely not! Abraham was expecting his son back in an earthly resurrection; for only then could the promise In Isaac your seed will be mentioned have progress!

Meeting in the air [eis apantèsin
But back to 1 Thess 4.
When Yeshua’s Congregational Body, his Bride, is snatched away, she goes to meet her Lord in the air.
Here, two things deserve our attention: Meeting the Lord in the air, and thus, we will always be with [the] Lord. The Greek εις απαντησιν (eis apantèsin) had in the papyri the application of someone to meet, in particular a dignity. In his commentary on this expression, William Vine wrote:
It occurs in a papyrusmanuscript of the 2nd century BC, and in another of the 3rd century AD, for the reception of a newly appointed magistrate, or other dignitary, by the residents in his district on his arrival there. Almost invariably the word suggests that those who go out to meet him intend to return to their starting place with the person met…and this meaning seems equally approriate here.
That Vine himself also believed that in this sense the phrase meeting the Lord in the air should be conceived, is apparent from what he wrote further about the Christians being resurrected: “They will be raised by his quickening voice, and will be caught away to meet him in the air, and, in due course, will return with him to the earth from whence they set out”.
That in this course of events also the last generation of Christians will be involved - those who will remain alive until the parousia (presence) of the Lord Yeshua - Vine had indicated earlier. The dead are raised, but the bodies of the believers who have remained alive until then must be changed.And why? Because they can not enter their heavenly inheritance in their current, natural (human) state.
Vine: “Concerning the living believers it is stated that, inasmuch as in its present natural condition the body cannot enter upon its heavenly inheritance, their bodies shall be changed, in the twinkling of an eye and without passing through the experience of death… Then shall, all together and immediately, at the same time and in the same company, be caught away to the parousia of the Lord”.  
However, as said before, Yeshua’s Body-members - after that meeting - will be forever with [the] Lord.
And that is quite understandable. After all, their existence will be on the same level as that of the Mashiach, that is on a spiritual level. Having gone through the barrier of their flesh, just like Yeshua himself, they pass the curtain (or: veil) and are granted access to the holy place, the heavenly throne room of the Father. 

Hebrews 10:19-20.
However, in what way are we to view the joint return to the earth? Clearly not as a geographical displacement, but rather in the sense of focusing attention onas is also applicable in Rev 21:2-4 (see above).
When the heavenly Congregation of the New Jerusalem descends from God in heaven, all her attention will then be focused on the situation that will then exist on earth among men.
And those people will indeed experience that attention. They start noticing that completely new conditions are emerging among them. Nothing remains in the same, old conditions. As scripture is telling us: All things are being made new! 

The apostle Paul expressed that 'return' - together with all the attention for the new earthly situation – in these terms:  

When the Mashiach, your life, is made manifest, you will also be made manifest in glory together with him (Col 3:4).
In fact the same purport as Rom 8:19 >> The fervent expectation of creation waits for the sons of God to be made manifest. And with what intention will these Body-members of Yeshua be made manifest?
Answer: To accomplish a grand work during the Millennium reign of Mashiach, namely giving the Goyim the opportunity to bless themselves in Abraham's seed (Gen 22:18).
However, it always remains true that they find themselves all the time in the monai of the Father's House, in the abodes that their Lord had prepared for them, and also in the sense of a close relationship with both the Father and the Son, on a spiritual level.  
Immortality / Heavenly life
Look, I tell you a mystery. We shall not all be laid to sleep, but we shall all be changed, in an indivisible moment, in a blink of the eye, in the last trumpet. For the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. But as soon as this corruptible puts on incorruption, and this mortal puts on immortality, the word will become reality, that is written: Death is swallowed up in victory (1Cor 15:51-54).   
With this passage we receive a further explanation of the rapture according to 1Thess 4:13-17. Again, this refers to the change to heavenly life of all members of Yeshua’s Congregational Body in his parousia. All generations of died Christians, along with the last generation which had remained alive up to that time. Only they will have the experience of being "clothed" with immortality (athanasia). Something that is really superb!
For think what the apostle wrote, in 1Tim 6:16, about YHWH Elohim Himself: 
The One who alone possesses immortality, inhabiting an inaccessible light; whom no man has seen nor can see. To him be honour and eternal power! Amen.
Yes indeed, YHWH Elohim alone possesses in Himself immortality. However, to others, chosen by Him, he can grant immortality. And apart from his Beloved Son, only his Body members receive that superb gift! In Phil 3:20-21 the apostle has expanded further on that magnificent gift:                   
For our citizenship exists in the heavens, from which we also eagerly await a Saviour, Lord Yeshua Mashiach, who will refashion the body of our lowliness to be conformed to the body of his glory.

Paul himself could not imagine anything greater than to take up residence with the Lord, as he had earlier formulated in the Second Corinthian letter: We know that when our earthly tent dwelling is dissolved, we will have a building from God, a non-handmade, eternal dwelling in the heavens.

For him, Paul, the resurrection body is like a building, an eternal house in the heavens.
Consequently, in 2 Cor 5 he stated: We are therefore always in good spirit and know that while we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord ... We are full of good courage and prefer to be absent from the body and take up residence with the Lord.
The apostle is constantly talking about us, plural. Thus, he assured that the heavenly destination, taking up residence with the Lord, applies to all real, chosen and called Christians (Rom 8:28-30).
By the way, on the night that Yeshua and his disciples were for the last time gathered in the upper room in Jerusalem, he also showed that, in addition to the apostles, many others would stay with him in heaven in time. We saw that in John 14:1-3, but in John 17 he became very specific in his prayer to his Father:

And now, you glorify me, Father, beside yourself with the glory which I had beside you before the world was ... Father, what you have given me - I want where I am, they too be with me, that they may behold my glory which you gave me, for you loved me before the founding of the world

See: That wonderful structure - the Church - John 17: 1-26

From Pentecost 33 AD, with the foundation of Yeshua’s Body of believers, completely new perspectives were created for Jews and Gentiles alike who were called by God in connection with his purpose in Mashiach Yeshua (Rom 8:28-30).
A new aeon (age, world period) then had its start within Elohim's purpose, by creating the heavenly part of the seed of Abraham. That part of the Seed has come to be known as the Bride, the Lamb's Wife, who, as the heavenly part of the New Jerusalem, will eventually descend from heaven to become a blessing to the Gentile nations living in the Millennium on Earth.

This implies that all others who will be favoured with (eternal) life by YHWH Elohim, will have their destiny on earth. Among them are the believing Jews (and their forefathers) from before and after the aeon in which the Body of Christians is called.
It is better to say: First of all the Jews, because for them in the first instance and always, from Abraham, the promise has been made that the Gentile nations in them, the earthly part of Abraham's seed, will be blessed

That in the Millennium alone that part of the seed will be on earth – of course together with the Gentile people - is clear from what is going to happen at the end of the 1000 years, when Satan will be released from his Millennium prison: 

And as soon as the thousand years have come to an end, Satan will be released from his dungeon, and he will go out to deceive the Gentile peoples that are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog , to gather them to war.
 Their number as the sand of the sea. And they [a considerable portion of the Gentiles that went through the judgment of the Millennium] advanced over the breadth of the earth and encircled the camp of the saints and the beloved City. However, fire came down from heaven and devoured them (Rev 20:7-9).

At whom will those rebellious nations aim in that for them decisive phase?
Answer: At the camp of the saints and the beloved City.
Here it becomes clear that the beloved City, the New Jerusalem, was represented on earth by the saints for 1000 years. No, not the saints of the Christian Congregation, but the saints or elect of the Jewish Congregation.
See for additional details regarding their destination: Dan 7:17-18, 27; Isa 65: 9, 15.
In this connection, something else has to be remarked: For what purpose is Satan bound for 1,000 years? In verse 3 of Revelation 20 that question is answered: Lest he deceive the Gentile people any longer until the thousand years are finished. 

So, the new society on earth, from its beginning, therefore includes - in addition to the Jewish saints - especially the nations, the Gentiles [Goyim]. And that, of course, does not surprise us at all! Because, 
from Mt 25:37, 46 we already knew in advance that it will be the 'sheep' - the righteous among the Goyim - who will be the first to make the crossing from the old aeon to the new aeon, the Millennium. However, for sure in the company of the Jewish saints!
Or to put it another way: Together with the Jewish 'man' of the End Times, namely those of the Jews who come out of the age-long hardening around their own, true Mashiach. The fullness of the true called Christians - and accordingly the rapture of those heavenly oriented saints - will, as we presumably may expect, be a powerful boost to put at last faith in their own Mashiach (Rom 11:25).  
Concerning the 'sheep' it is prophetically clear that they - for their salvation - will distinguish that there is a necessity to join those believing Jewish saints, who in that period will suffer much tribulation.
From Zec 8:23, that End time development is likewise prophetically clear: 
They [the ‘sheep’] will grasp the slip of a man who is a Jew, saying to them: We want to go with you, for we have heard that God is with you.  
-.-.-.- .-.